The following You Tube links may be helpful
https://youtu.be/XtmtVHXQpD0
https://youtu.be/ymuj9580qBQ
Baseball/Softball Basics: Abbreviations
Hitting
 2B  Doubles
 3B  Triples
 AB  At Bats
 AB/GIDP  AtBats per Grounded Into Double Play
 AB/HR  AtBats per Home Run
 AB/RBI  AtBats per Runs Batted In
 AO  Fly Outs
 AVG  Batting Average
 BB  Bases on Balls (Walks)
 CS  Caught Stealing
 G  Games Played
 GIDP  Ground into Double Plays
 GO  Ground Outs
 GO/AO  Ground Outs/Fly Outs
 GSH  Grand Slam Home Runs
 H  Hits
 HBP  Hit by Pitch
 HR  Home Runs
 IBB  Intentional Walks
 LIPS  Late Inning Pressure Situations
 LOB  Left On Base
 NP  Number of Pitches
 OBP  Onbase Percentage
 OPS  Onbase Plus Slugging Percentage
 PA/SO  Plate Appearances per Strikeout
 R  Runs Scored
 RBI  Runs Batted In
 SAC  Sacrifice Bunts
 SB%  Stolen Base Percentage
 SB  Stolen Bases
 SF  Sacrifice Flies
 SLG  Slugging Percentage
 SO  Strikeouts
 TB  Total Bases
 TP  Triple Play
 TPA  Total Plate Appearances
 XBH  Extra Base Hits
Fielding
 A  Assists
 CS  Caught Stealing
 DER  Defensive Efficiency Rating
 DP  Double Plays
 E  Errors
 FPCT  Fielding Percentage
 G  Games Played
 INN  Innings Played
 OFA  Outfield Assists
 PB  Passed Balls
 PO  Putouts
 RF  Range Factor
 SB  Stolen Bases (allowed)
 TC  Total Chances
 TP  Triple Plays
Pitching
 AO  Fly Outs
 APP  Appearances
 AVG  Opponents Batting Average
 BB  Bases on Balls (Walks)
 BB/9  Walks per Nine Innings
 BF  Batters Faced
 BK  Balks
 BS  Blown Save
 CG  Complete Games
 CGL  Complete Game Losses
 CS  Caught Stealing
 ER  Earned Runs
 ERA  Earned Run Average
 G  Games Played
 GF  Games Finished
 GIDP  Grounded Into Double Plays
 GO  Ground Outs
 GO/AO  Ground Outs/ Fly Outs Ratio
 GS  Games Started
 GSH  Grand Slams
 H  Hits
 H/9  Hits per Nine Innings
 HB  Hit Batsmen
 HLD  Hold
 HR  Home Runs
 I/GS  Innings Per Games Started
 IBB  Intentional Walks
 IP  Innings Pitched
 IRA  Inherited Runs Allowed
 K/9  Strikeouts per Nine Innings
 K/BB  Strikeout/Walk Ratio
 L  Losses
 LIPS  Late Inning Pressure Situations
 LOB  Left on Base
 MB/9  Baserunners per 9 Innings
 NP  Number of Pitches Thrown
 OBA  Onbase Against
 PA  Plate Appearances
 P/GS  Pitches per Start
 P/IP  Pitches per Innings Pitched
 PK  Pickoffs
 R  Runs
 RW  Relief Wins
 SB  Stolen Bases
 SHO  Shutouts
 SLG  Slugging Percentage Allowed
 SO  Strikeouts
 SV  Saves
 SVO  Save Opportunities
 TB  Total Bases
 TP  Triple Plays
 UR  Unearned Runs
 W  Wins
 WHIP  Walks + Hits/Innings Pitched
 WP  Wild Pitches
 WPCT  Winning Percentage
 XBA  Extra Base Hits Allowed
Baseball Basics: Stats 101
Batting Average (AVG): Divide the number of base hits by the total number of at bats.

If Tony Gwynn has 600 at bats and has 206 hits.
His batting average would be .343 (206/600)

Earned Run Average (ERA): Multiply the total number of earned runs by nine, and divide the results by the total innings pitched.

Randy Johnson has allowed 67 runs in 220 innings.
Multiply 67 by 9: 67x9=603.Divide 603 by 220 (his innings pitched):603/220=2.74  which is his ERA

WL percentage: Divide the number of games won by the total number of decisions.

Pedro Martinez has a 163 record,
Divide his win total(16) by his total number of decisions: (19):16/19=0.842

Slugging Percentage (SLG): Divide the total number of bases of all base hits by the total number of times at bat

Sammy Sosa has 282 total bases and 440 atbats.
Divide 282 by 440 to get his slugging percentage: 282/440=.641

OnBase Percentage (OBP): Divide the total number of hits plus Bases on Balls plus hits by Pitch BY at Bats plus Bases on Balls plus hit by Pitch plus Sacrifice Flies

In Derek Jeter's 434 atbats, he has 152 hits, 59 walks, has been hit by 9 pitches, and he's hit 6 sacrifice flies.
So here's the formula to determine his OBP:
(152+59+9)/(434+59+9+6)=220/508=.433

Fielding Average: Divide the total number of putouts and assists by the total number of putouts, assists and errors.

Edgardo Alfonzo has 218 putouts and 290 assists, while committing only 2 errors.
So his fielding percentage is:
(218+290)/(218+290+2)=508/510=.996

Magic Numbers: Determine the number of games yet to be played, add one, then subtract the number of games ahead in the loss column of the standings from the closest opponent.

Texas is 7 games ahead, with 50 games remaining. So here's Texas' magic number:
Games remaining (50)+1=51. 517=44.
The Rangers' magic number to clinch is 44.

Baseball Basics: How to Keep Score
Different fans have different methods of keeping a scorecard, and many use their own notations.
But here's a simple method:
If the hitter grounds out to shortstop, for example, write in "63," which shows the shortstop threw him out at first base. If the hitter flies out to left field, write a "7."
If the batter gets a hit, write in the hit according to which base he reached. Each corner of the box represents a base, with the lowerright corner being first.
Defensive Players by the Numbers
If he singles, put a "" in the lower right. If he doubles, write a "=" in the upper right, and so on. For a walk, use "BB" in the lower right. As the runner advances, mark the appropriate symbol in the appropriate corner.
If a runner scores, put a circle at the bottom of the box, and inside the circle put the symbol of the play and/or the player that drove him in. For example, if the No. 5 hitter drives in two runs with a single, mark his single in the bottom right of his box and mark a circle with the number "5" in it in the boxes of the runners who score (Some people like to use uniform numbers here, so you can tell who did what, even after lineup changes).
At the end of each inning, total the hits and runs for that inning only. At the end of the game you'll be able to add the innings total to get the total
Player Information
Position Numbers

Position

Number

Pitcher

1

Catcher

2

First Baseman

3

Second Baseman

4

Third Baseman

5

Shortstop

6

Left Fielder

7

Center Fielder

8

Right Fielder

9

Designated Hitter

DH

Ways of Making an Out
Out Abbreviations

Result

Abbreviation

Example Result

Example Abbreviation

Strikeout swinging

K

Swing and a miss

K

Strikeout looking

Backwards K

Called third strike

Backwards K

Groundout

The number of the player who fielded it followed by the number of the player who caught it

Shortstop fields it and throws to the First Baseman

63

Flyout

The number of the player who caught it

Center Fielder catches it

8

Lineout

L followed by the number of the player who caught it

2nd Baseman catches it

L4

Unassisted Play

The number of the player who made the play followed by U

Pitcher fields it and tags the runner (or the base)

1U

Caught Foul Ball

F followed by the number of the player who caught it

Third Baseman catches it in foul territory

F5

Sacrifice Fly

SF followed by the number of the player who caught it

Left Fielder catches it

SF7

Sacrifice Bunt

SB followed by the number of the player who fielded it followed by the number of the player who caught it

Catcher fields it and throws to the First Baseman

SB23

Double Play:




For the runner:

The number of the player who fielded it followed by the number of the player who caught it

Shortstop fields it and throws it to the Second Baseman

64

For the batter:

The same as the runner, but add in the player who catches the ball next followed by DP

Shortstop fields it and throws it to the Second Baseman who throws it to the First Baseman

643 DP

Tracking Hits
Hitting Abbreviations

Result

Abbreviation

Example Result

Example Abbreviation

Single

1B



Double

2B



Triple

3B



Home Run

HR



Hit By Pitch

HP or HBP



Walk

BB



Error

E followed by the number of the player who committed the error

The shortstop bobbles the ball and throws it away

E6

Fielder's Choice

FC

With a runner on first, a grounder is hit to the second baseman who only gets the lead runner out (the fielder has made a choice not to try to get the batsman out).

FC

Dropped Third Strike

K



Tracking Baserunning
Running Abbreviations

Result

Abbreviation

Example Result

Example Abbreviation

Stolen Base

SB



Caught Stealing

CS

Thrown out by the catcher while attempting to steal

CS

Picked Off

PIK

Picked off by the pitcher

PIK
